PCL-C (the current instrument) is also called the civilian version and is applicable for all traumatic events.
Are Results Valid and Reliable?
Two studies of both Vietnam and Persian Gulf theater veterans show that the PCL is both valid
and reliable (Additional references are available from the DH
“Complex post-traumatic stress disorder (complex PTSD) is a disorder that may develop following exposure to an event or series of events of an extremely threatening or horrific nature, most commonly prolonged or repetitive events from which escape is difficult or impossible (e.g., torture, slavery, genocide campaigns, prolonged domestic violence, repeated childhood sexual or physical abuse)”.
In addition, Complex PTSD is characterized by severe and persistent:
- Problems in affect regulation;
- beliefs about oneself as diminished, defeated, or worthless, accompanied by feelings of shame, guilt, or failure related to the traumatic event; and
- difficulties in sustaining relationships and in feeling close to others.
These symptoms cause significant impairment in personal, family, social, educational, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
• Exposure to a stressor typically of an extreme or prolonged nature and from which escape is difficult or impossible such
as torture, concentration camps, slavery, genocide campaigns, and other forms of organized violence, domestic violence, and childhood sexual or physical abuse.
• Presence of the core symptoms of PTSD (re-experiencing the trauma in the present, avoidance of reminders of the trauma, and persistent perceptions of current threat).
• Following the onset of the stressor event and co-occurring with PTSD symptoms, there is the development of persistent and pervasive impairments in affective, self, and relational functioning including problems in affect regulation, persistent beliefs about oneself as diminished, defeated, or worthless, persistent difficulties in sustaining relationships.
The stressors associated with Complex PTSD
are typical of an interpersonal nature, that is are the result of human mistreatment rather than acts of nature (e.g., earthquakes, tornadoes, tsunamis) or accidents (train wrecks, motor vehicle accidents). In addition to the typical symptoms of PTSD, Complex PTSD is characterized by more persistent long-term problems in affective, self, and relational functioning. Problems in all three areas are often co-occurring.
About this test:
This is a self-guided early screening of CPTSD, for those who in particular are failing to manage the interpersonal relationship and are too worried about their conditions. This is not meant for clinical diagnosis of the condition. For a proper diagnosis of CPTSD, you may need to undergo full instrument of
TSI™-2 Trauma Symptom Inventory™-2.